This is an area I have touched on in an earlier post where I criticised the use of exams which test memory rather than knowledge, this post I shall try and draw a distinction between knowledge and intelligence.
The dictionary definition for knowledge (as taken from Oxford Dictionaries) is “facts, information, and skills acquired through experience or education; the theoretical or practical understanding of a subject”.
The dictionary definition for intelligence (as taken from Oxford Dictionaries) is “the ability to acquire and apply knowledge and skills”.
Far too often are the two confused, so here is how I see that the two are distinguished.
One can be intelligent without having knowledge on a subject. Applying the above definitions, one can have the intelligence to ride a bike, but without the practical understanding on how the bike works.
The key difference is the word understanding as very few people are not able to acquire information on things, after all, with the world wide web we have the information which was once only available in a library available at our fingertips. That does not mean that we understand it.
If we have a true understanding, and are able to apply it as well as acquire it, then one could be considered to be intelligent and have knowledge.
So in other words, knowledge is knowing of something, intelligence is the ability to understand and apply it.